ABSTRACT Fine needle aspiration cytology, though, is a reliable, minimally invasive procedure with high sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy, still it has its limitations in making out diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Here we present an uncommon case of 52 years old Indian female with complaint of mass on antero-medial aspect neck. Fine needle aspiration cytology was suggestive of colloidal goiter. For cosmetic indication, thyroidectomy was done and histopathological examination sought to confirm the cytological diagnosis. The incidental finding was uncommon, revealing papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Worth emphasizing is the possibility of uncommon malignant disease like thyroid microcarcinoma, in view of limitations of fine needle aspiration cytology in apparently benign thyroid...
Our objective is to review the current articles pertaining to multimodality treatment that surround the management of retromolar trigone (RMT) cancer patients. RMT tumors constitute a small minority of all oral cancers. Majority of these patients present with locally advanced stage and its treatment is challenging. Good oncologic outcomes can be achieved by advocating an aggressive surgical approach in combination with post operative radiation therapy. In this literature review we intend to discuss locally advanced trigone cancer and its outcome after the completion of the multimodality...
Desmoid tumor is a slow growing neoplasm with aggressive infiltration of adjacent tissue with very rare metastatic potential. We report a 35 years old female patient with desmoid tumor of the anterior abdominal wall who underwent primary resection followed by mesh pasty. Patient had a past history of abdominal surgery in form of caesarean section, and after 5 years of surgery, she presented with a lump over right hypochondrium since last one year. Patient was assessed before surgery by clinical evaluation, abdominal ultrasound, computerized axial tomography scanning (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histopathology and immunohistochemistry report.Patient was operated with wide local excision of rectus abdominis muscle mass with meshplasty under general anaesthesia. After all, histology in this case revealed a desmoid tumor with negative β-Catenin report of operated tissue. In view of the negative surgical margins, patient has been put on regular follow...
ABSTRACT Aim of the Study: To review and suggest treatment approach for rare diseases Leiomyosarcoma of testis. Material and Method: Here, we have reviewed management of Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the testis by search of case reports in PubMed Central, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science Central database. We have classified the obtained information as per Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (OCEBM) level of evidence, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Categories of Evidence and Consensus. Here, current treatment scenario for sarcoma and its outcome will be discussed for a new case of low grade primary leiomyosarcoma of testis that was confirmed with Immuno-histochemistry after high inguinal orchidectomy, for painless testicular mass. Systematic review, line listing of old reported cases and treatment evidences were analysed by reviewing various international databases. Results: Leiomyosarcoma is a very rare disease, and only few cases have been reported on online databases. It is usually reported among elderly men following irradiation or long-term anabolic steroid use. Intensive search reveals lack of definitive guidelines for management of leiomyosarcoma because available evidence is level V as per OCEBM and level C as per NCCN. Conclusion: Even though early diagnosis and treatment by high inguinal orchidectomy improves survival and decreases risk of recurrence of leiomyosarcoma, there is need of research and definitive chemotherapy guidelines, similar to sarcoma of other site of the...
Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a technique to deliver a highly conformal radiation dose distribution, that too with wide spectrum ranging from conventional IMRT, through Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) to most advanced form called Dense Angularly Sampled and Sparse Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (DASSIM-RT). The article intends to overview the current status of the technology....
ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF LYMPHEDEMA IN POST-OPERATIVE BREAST CANCER PATIENTS
After surgery for breast cancer, the most common postoperative complication is secondary lymphedema which may sometimes be more challenging to manage than the disease itself. This systematic literature review aims to highlight the role of physiotherapy in management of secondary lymphedema in post-operative patients of breast cancer and its current status. The literature review has been conducted using available textbooks and online database of PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) and EMBASE. Online search has been made through English literature mainly, from 1990 to 2015 and focused on research or review articles. Review found physiotherapy; with appropriate combination of techniques, started early; has been very effective in prevention and management of lymphedema in post-operative breast cancer...
Chronomodulated therapy or chronotherapy has gained popularity, beyond a fancy term, as a novel and logical method to exploit the best, by administering anti-cancer treatment at an optimal timing according to circadian rhythms of their anti-cancer action and/or repair mechanism of cancer & normal cells. Understanding of chronobiology and the results of clinical studies back up this new concept. Chronotherapy seems to have all the potential to become tomorrow’s accepted, refined oncology practice without adding much to the cost of existing...
With the advent of effective and intensive chemotherapy, we are able to achieve better response rates as well as improved survival but the side effects remain a constraint. This article intends to discuss one of the side effects of chemotherapy i.e. neuropathy; culprit agents, mechanism and therapeutic strategies to manage it.
Primary involvement of vulva or breast by non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is known to occur uncommonly. Only 24 cases of NHL vulva and around 250 cases of NHL breast alone have been reported, so far; but none with simultaneous involvement of the two sites together. We report the first case having both sites involved in a 35 year old Indian female.
Peripheral neuropathy is a structural or functional abnormality of peripheral nerves giving rise to neuropathic symptoms. Neuropathic symptoms can be motor, sensory and autonomic or varied combination of these major categories. Chemotherapeutic agents frequently cause various neuropathic symptoms and signs depending upon culprit agent, its dose and duration. Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neurotoxicity is a common, disabling and dose-limiting side-effect of cancer treatment and its assessment is difficult. Some patients complain of tingling, numbness and pain in distal extremities while others may also develop motor and autonomic symptoms. Some patients remain symptomatic even after discontinuation of offending drugs. Patients with chemotherapy induced neuropathy bear higher healthcare cost than cancer patients without neuropathy. As new chemotherapeutic agents are being developed it is important to measure chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy accurately so that it can be recognized at an earlier stage, the treatment can be modified appropriately and disease progression can be monitored. An added advantage would be a possibility of reliable comparison between neuropathic side effect of newer and older chemotherapeutic...